Our ancestors the Iberians - Xth - 1st century BC
A series of recent discoveries gives a still partial idea of the occupation of the territory in the Iberian era. Settled in Roussillon, an Iberian tribe called "Les Sordons" founded two cities Illiberis (Elne) and Ruscino (Castle-Roussillon). In Pézilla, the presence of two necropolis cremation allows to locate their location in space and time. A site of the ninth century BC near the Mas Blanes at the mouth of the ravine of Manadell, another of the VIIth BC at the mouth of the Bern ravine at Mas Comte show their concern for occupation in limit of the plain and terraces on nipples protected from floods. In the Iberians, these necropolises are always located near their places of life 500 to 300 meters apart. In Pézilla, this human occupation initiated by these Iberians has continued to the present day in Mas Comte and Blanes, two powerful agricultural estates that have largely contributed to the development of the territory exploiting in complementarity the irrigated lands of the Plain (Ribèral ) and the dry terraces (the Garrigues)
Romanization - 1st century BC - 5th century AD
From the sixth century BC, the Iberians trade with the Greeks who founded Emporion (Empuries). During the second Punic War (218-195 BC) between the Romans and the Carthaginians, the Roman armies occupied the Iberian territories; then begins the process of romanization. Gradually the Iberians give up their language, their customs and adopt the Roman way of life. The habitat remains scattered and the territory is organized around "Villae" small rural centers located on the exploited lands. In Pézilla, the oldest date of the republican period (1st century BC), occupies an area of about 400 m2 at places called "Terragols Nord". Others, dates from the High Empire (1st and 2nd century AD), extend on surfaces equivalent to the places called "Mas Balande" and "Les Gorgues Altes". The most important around 4000 m2, is located down a slope to the South West in a small valley at places called "Les Gorgues Baixes". On these sites appeared many fragments of tiles, common or sigillated ceramics of sometimes African origin; amphorae; dolia (large terracotta vases for the preservation of wine or oil); several currencies; a "quadrans" of Massilia, a half-ace of Ampurias, a dupondius of the emperor Vespasian for example. Excavations carried out in the chapel "Sant Sadurni" have updated Tiles and bricks dated from Late Antiquity (5th century AD) and the High Middle Ages (6th and 7th centuries AD). ). They are tiles and funerary chests first terracotta and then slabs of shale. Other vestiges suggest a occupation of the place since that time by a Judeo Christian cultural center. Generally these places of worship of the early Christianity succeed Roman places of worship. It is probable that this was the case at Pézilla. The name "Villa Peciliani" appears at this time, this villa likely belonging to a certain "Pacilius" rich Roman owner or romanized Iberian who will give his name to the village.